Python is an dynamic object-oriented programming language that can be compared with Java and Microsoft's .NET-based languages as a general-purpose substrate for many kinds of software development. It offers strong support for integrating with other technologies, higher programmer productivity throughout the development life cycle, and is particularly well suited for large or complex projects with changing requirements.

Python's key strengths include:

1. Prototyping in Python is quick and easy, and often results in development of the final system in Python. The agile nature of the language, and the ease of refactoring code makes for rapid development directly from the initial prototype.

2. Application scripting is a snap with Python's tight integration with C/C++ and Java. Python was designed from the ground up to be embeddable and serves as an excellent choice as a scripting language for customization or extension of larger applications.

3. Software Testing benefits from Python's strong integration and
text processing capabilities, and Python comes with its own unit testing framework.

4. Web development from simple CGI scripting to high-end web application development with mega-frameworks such as Django and Turbogears, the Zope application server, Plone content management system, Quixote web application framework, or a even a home-grown solution based on Python's extensive and easy to use standard libraries. Python provides interfaces to most databases, powerful text processing and document processing facilities, and plays well with other web technologies.

5. Numeric and scientific applications make use of the Python Imaging Library, VTK and MayaVi 3D Visualization Toolkits, Numeric Python, ScientificPython and many other tools available for numeric and scientific applications. Many of these are supported by the Enthought Python Distribution.

6. Desktop development using wxPython, PyQt, or PyGtk for high-quality GUI applications. Protect your investment by basing on open technologies, with deployment to most operating systems. Support for other GUI frameworks, such as MFC, Carbon, Delphi, X11, Motif, and Tk, is also available.

Python Popular Full-Stack Web Frameworks

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A web application may use a combination of a base HTTP application server, a storage mechanism such as a database, a template engine, a request dispatcher, an authentication module and an AJAX toolkit. These can be individual components or be provided together in a high-level framework.

These are the most popular high-level frameworks. Many of them include components listed on the WebComponents page.

1. Django (0.96.1 Released 2007-10-26) a high-level Python Web framework that encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design

2. Pylons ( Released 2008-05-28) a lightweight Web framework emphasizing flexibility and rapid development. It combines the very best ideas from the worlds of Ruby, Python and Perl, providing a structured but extremely flexible Python Web framework. It's also one of the first projects to leverage the emerging WSGI standard, which allows extensive re-use and flexibility but only if you need it. Out of the box, Pylons aims to make Web development fast, flexible and easy. Pylons is built on top of Paste (see below).

3. TurboGears ( Released 2008-03-07) the rapid Web development megaframework you've been looking for. Combines CherryPy, Kid, SQLObject and MochiKit. After reviewing the website check out: QuickStart Manual

4. web2py (currently version 1.37) Everything in one package with no dependencies. Development, deployment, debugging, testing, database administration and maintenance of applications can be done via the provided web interface. web2py has no configuration files, requires no installation, can run off a USB drive. web2py uses Python for the Model, the Views and the Controllers, has a built-in ticketing system to manage errors, an internationalization engine, works with MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite , Oracle, MSSQL and the Google App Engine via an ORM abstraction layer. web2py includes libraries to handle HTML/XML, RSS, ATOM, CSV, RTF, JSON, AJAX, XMLRPC, WIKI markup. Production ready, capable of upload/download of very large files, and always backward compatible.

5. Grok (0.13 Released 2008-06-23) is built on the existing Zope 3 libraries, but aims to provide an easier learning curve and a more agile development experience. It does this by placing an emphasis on convention over configuration and DRY (Don't Repeat Yourself).

6. Zope (2.10.4 Released 2007-07-04, 3.3.1 Released 2007-01-14, Zope 3.4.0c1 Released 2008-01-31) Being the grandaddy of Python web frameworks, Zope has grown into a family of frameworks over the years. Zope 1 was released in 1999. Zope 2 is both a web framework and a general purpose application server, today it is primarily used by ContentManagementSystems. Zope 3 is both a standalone framework and a collection of related libraries, which are also included with newer releases of Zope 2. All of the Zope frameworks include the ZODB, an object database for Python.


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